?????????? ????? ? ???????????? ?????? 3

20th August 2010

?????????? ????? ? ???????????? ?????? 3

????????????? ???? ???? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ? ?????????? ? ????????? ???????????? ???????, ??????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ???????. ????????????? ? ?????????? ????? ????? ??????? ????????? ????? ???? ??????? ? ????? 1986 ?. ?????????? ???????? (29).

????????????? ? ?? ?????????? ????? ????? ? ????, ? ?? ????????? ????? ?????? ? ???????, ?? ??? ??????????????? ???? ???????: ???? ??????? ????????????? ? ????????? ???????. ????? ????????, ??? ????? ????????????? ??????? ???????? ??????, ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???: ??-??????, ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???????; ??-??????, ????? ?????????, ???????????? ?????? ?????????, ??? ????, ?????? ??? ??????????? ?????????????? ???? ???????????, ???? ?????????????? ????? ?????? (30). ????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ?? ??????? ???? ??????. ??? ????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????????????: ??? ??????????????? ???? ????????-?????????????? ????? ?????????????? ?????????????, ????????? ?? ?????? ? ??????, ?? ? ?? ?? ?????????. ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????????? ?????, ?? ???????? ????? ???????? ? 40 ????? ???-???????????. ??????, ? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????????? ??????????????????? ? ????????? ? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ? ?????.

????? ????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ????? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ????? (31) ? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? (?????) ????, ???????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?? ??????? ? ?????????? ????????? (32). ??? ????? ????? ???????? ???????? ? ???, ??? ?????????? ????? ????? ????????????, ? ? ??????. ?? ??? ??????? ???????????? ?????????, ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ? ??????.

? ????????? ?????? ????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????. ????????? ? ?????? ? 1993 ?. ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????? ? 1930-1940-? ????. ??????????? ?????????? ????????????? ???????????? ????? ?? ????????? ???? ?????????? ????????, ?????????? ????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ????? ????????????? ???????? ???????. ??????????? ???????????? ??? ????????? ? ????? ? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????, ?????????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?????????? ????? . ???????? ? ?????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ? ?????? ??????? ?????????????, ??????? ???????????????? ?? ??? ?????????????? ??? ???????????? ????????. ?? ????, ??????????, ?? ? ????-?? ???????????? ????????. ????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ???? ? ??? ???????????? ??????? ????? ????, ????? ???????????? ????? ? ?????????? ?? ?????? ? ??????-????, ????????? ? ????? ????? ??????????? ?????? (? ??? ????? ???????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?????) ? ??????????? ?????????????, ??????? ????????? ? ?????????????? ????????, ?? ??????????????? ??????????? ??????????. ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????, ??? ?? ???? ?? ?????????? ? ????? ??????????, ??????? ????? ??????? ? ??????????? ?? ????????, ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ???????????????? ??? ????????? ? ??????? ??? ??? ?????????? ? 1937/38 ??. (33). ????????, ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????; ??????, ???????????, ??? ?? ?????? ????? 1930 ?. ? ??????????, ? ??????????? ?? ??? ?????? ????????? ????????, ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?? ???????? ????????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ???? ???????; ?????? ????????????? ? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ?????? ? ???????? ????????. ?????????????, ??? ?????????????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ???????, ????????? ? ??????? ? ??? ???????????? ????????? ???????????, ???, ??????? ??????????? ??????????, ??????????. ??????????, ?????? ????????????????? ????????????? ????? ?? ????????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ?? ?????, ?? ???????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ? ? ????????????? ???????, ??? ?? ??????. ?? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?? ????? ?????, ????? ???????, ?? ?????? ???????????????????, ?????? ???? ???? ??????, ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?????.

???????? ?????? ? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??? ???? ????????? ????????-???????????? ???????? ???????? ? ???????????? ???? (34). ???? ????-??????????? ????????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????????????, ?? ????????????? ? ????? ?????, ? ??????? ??????? ? ??????? ???? ????? ?????????????? ?????????? ? ????? ??? ? ????? ?????? ????????????? ???????????? ? ??? ??????????? ? ???????. ?????? ????????? ????? ??????????, ?????????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????, ??? ? ??????? ????????????? ????????????, ????????? ??-???????, ?????? ? ??????? 1999 ?. ?????????, ? ??????? ??????????? ?? ????????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????! ????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ????? ? ???????? ??????????? ????????????. ???????, ????? ?????????? ????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ??? ???????????? ??????, ????? ?????????????? ???????? ???? ?????? ? ????????? ??????, ?? ?? ???????????? ????????? ? ?? ?????? ? ???????? ????? ?????, ??? ???? ?? ??????? ????????????? ??????????? (35).

??????? ????, ????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ? ?? ???????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????????? ???? ????????????, ?? 1937-1938 ??. ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ???, ??????? ???? ?? ????????? ??? (? ?????? ????????????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????), ??, ?? ??????? ????, ??????? ???????????? ??? ??????????. ????????? ??????: ?????? ????? ?????? ????????, ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ???????????????????, ????????? ???????????????? ????? ???????? ????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???. ??? ???? ????? ? ???? ??????? ????? ???????, ??? ?????? ???????: ?? ??????????? ? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ???????, ???????? ? ???? ????? ????????? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ??????. ? ?????????? ????? ??? ????????? ??????? ? ?????? ???????, ?? ??? ???? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????????. ? 1942 ?. ???? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ???????? (? ??????????????? ????????????) ??? ?????????, ?? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???????????????, ?? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????????, ??? ??? ?????? ? ???????????. ?? ?????????? ??????? (???????? ? ?????) ???????? ? ????? ????.

?????????????? ? ???????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?? ? ??????????, ???????????? ??????????????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ?????, ?? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????, ???? ??????????? ???????, ??? ???????? ????? ???? ?? ??????. ??? ?? ????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ????????????????? ????????, ?????????, ????????, ? ?????????? ? ???????????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????, ???????? ??????????? ??? ?????? ? 1936-1943 ??. ????? ? 1945 ?. ??????? (?? ????????!) ???????? ????? ??? ??????????? ?? ???????????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ?????????, ?????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??? ?????????????, ??????, ??? ??? ? 1943 ?. ??????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ?????????, ???? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ? ???????. ?? ??? ??????????? ????????? ? ?? ????????? ????????, ??? ??????? ??????????? ??? ????????????? ?????????. ??? ???????? ?????????????? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ?????????, ?? ????????????? ???? ???????? ????????. ?????????? ? 1943 ?. ? ????? ? ???????? ????????? ????? ??? ? ?????, ????? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ? ???? ???????, ???????? ??????????? ???? ???????????????? ??????????? ????? ? ?????????, ? ????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ? ?????????? (??????? ??? ???????? ? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ??????); ?????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ???????????? ?? ????? ? ??? ?? ??????? ??????? ?, ???? ?? ?????, ? ???? ? ?? ?? ????? (36).

??????? ????, ??????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????? ????????, ????????? ? ?????? ????????????? ???????. ???????? ??????????? ??? ?????? ? ??????????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??????????, ????????????? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ????????. ????????? ???????? ?????? ???????: ???? ????? ????? ? ????????, ? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? (? ???????? ??? ???????? ????????, ????????? ? ????? ????), ???????????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????????????? ? ???????? ????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ? ??????????? ????? ??????? ?????? (37). ?? ???????, ????????? ???????? ?? ???????? (?? ?????? ??????????? ? ????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ? ????? ? ? ????????)? ????? ????, ????, ????????? ? ????? ????? ???????? ???, ????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ? ??????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??? ??????.

???????? ?????? ?????????????????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ????????? ??????????? ????????????? ???????, ??? ?? ????? ?????, ?? ? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ?????, ?????? ??????, ?????, ??????, ??? ??? ?? ?????????? ???????? ????????. ? ??? ?????????? ?????? ????????????, ??????????? ??? ??????? ??????????, ?? ? ??????? ????????????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????????? ???? ?????. ? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ????????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ?? ????? ? ????????? ? ??????, ???????????? ?? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ???? ? ????? (38). ???????????? ??????? ?. ???-?????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ??-???????, ??? ???? ????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ? ??? ? ? ?????? (39). ???????, ??? ????????? ????????? (Holocaust denial), ?? ???? ????????? ????????? ???????? ? ??? ??????????? ??????, ???????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ???????, ? ? ??? ????? ? ???????? ???????? ? ?????? ? ????????? ?? ?? ???. ? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????, ?? ??????? ? ???????? ?????????? ?? ????? ???????, ??? ?????? ??????????????? ????? ????? ? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????, ?????????? ?? ?????.

???-??????, ??-??????, ???????? ???????????? ???????? ????????????? ? ??????????? ????????????? ????????, ? ??-??????, ?????????? ???????????? ?? ????????????? ?????? ????? ? ???????????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????. ? ??????????? ? ????????? ? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????????????????? ?????????? ????? ? ??????? ? ????????????? ?. ????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ? ????????? ? ???????? ? ? ?????????? ????? ? ??????, ??????????, ??? ?????? ??? ?????, ??? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???????? ????? ??????????????? ?? ????????? (40). ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????????????????? ?????????????: ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?????, ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???????: ????? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????? ???????-?????? ??????????????? ????????, ???? ?? ?????????? ??? ??????, ???????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? (41).

??????????:
1. Rose C.: 1) ‘Patriotism Is Not Taboo’: Nationalism in China and Japan and Implication for Sino-Japanese Relations // Japan Forum, vol. 12, ? 2 (2000); 2) The Textbook Issue: Domestic Sources of Japan’s Foreign Policy // Japan Forum, vol. 11, ? 2 (1999).
2. Veale F.J.P. Advance to Barbarism. The Development of Total Warfare from Sarajevo to Hiroshima. Newport Beach, 1993, ?. 7 (??????? ? 1953 ?.).
3. ?????? ?. ?????? ??????-?? ??????. (?????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????). ?????, 1987. ? ??????????? ???????????? ? ??????????? ???????: Tanaka M. What Really Happened in Nanking. The Refutation of a Common Myth. Tokyo, 2000. ??. ?????: ???????????? ????. ?????? ????????-?? ?????? ?????. (?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????). ?????, 1998; Higashinakano S. The Nanking Massacre: Fact Versus Fiction. A Historians Quest for the Truth. Tokyo, 2006.
4. ??????? ?. ?????? ???-?? ???? ??????. (??????? ?????? ? ?????????????). ?????, 1996.
5. Hata I. The Nanking Atrocities: Facts and Fable // Japan Echo. Vol. 25. ? 3 (August 1998).
6. ???? ?. ?????? ??????. (?????????? ????????). ?????, 1986. ? ???????? ????????????? ??????? ???? ???????????? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ????????? Nanking atrocities, ? ?? Nanking massacre ??? rape of Nanking.
7. ????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ?????, ?????????? ??????? ?????????, ???????????? ?? ??????? ????: Hata I. Op. cit., p. 49.
8. Koginos M.T. The ‘Panay’ Incident: Prelude to War. Lafayette In, 1967. ?????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ? ????? ? ????? ? ?????????? (?. 31-45) ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????. ??. ???????????? ????????????? ? ??????????? ?????? ? ??????: Ten Years in Japan. A Contemporary Record Drawn from the Diaries and Private and Official Papers of Joseph C. Grew, United States Ambassador to Japan, 1932-1942. N.Y., 1944. ?. 232-240; Craigie R.L. Behind the Japanese Mask. London, <1946>. ?. 52-54.
9. Timperley H. (ed.) What War Means: Japanese Terror in China. N.Y., 1938.
10. Snow E.P. Battle for Asia. N.Y., 1941. ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ??????, ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????????????? ????????????? 1950-? ?????, ? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????: ??????? ????? ?? ????? ??????. ???. ? ??. ?. II. ?., 1957. ?. 155-156.
11. ????? ????-???? ??????. 1937, 26.12. ???. ??: Tanaka M. What Really Happened in Nanking. ?. 21. ???? ??????? ?????? ? ?? ????????????? ?? ?????????? ????? ?? ???????????????????.
12. Sudoplatov P. and A. Special Tasks. The Memoirs of an Unwanted Witness a Soviet Spymaster. Boston-N.Y., 1995. P. 491.
13. Zhang Kaiyan (ed.): 1) An Eyewitness Historical Record of the Nanking Massacre. Hubei, 1995; 2) Nanking: November 1937 May 1938. Hong Kong, 1995; 3) American Missionaries Bear Witness to Japanese Atrocities in Nanking. Armonk NY, 2001.
14. ???. ??: Hata I. Op. cit. ?. 49.
15. ??????? ?????????? ??????????: Tanaka M. Op. cit. Ch. 8; Higashinakano S. The Nanking Massacre: Fact Versus Fiction. Ch. 13.
16. Irving D. Apocalypse 1945. The Destruction of Dresden. London, 1995; ?????? ?. ?????????? ????????. ?., 2005.
17. Hsu Shunsi (ed.) Documents of the Nanking Safety Zone. Prepared under the Auspices of the Council of International Affairs, Chungking. Shanghai-Hong Kong-Singapore, 1939.
18. Higashinakano S. The Nanking Massacre: Fact Versus Fiction. Ch. 11-12.
19. Lewis C.S. Smythe. War Damage in the Nanking Area, December 1937 to March 1938: Urban and Rural Surveys. On Behalf of the Nanking International Relief Committee. Shanghai, 1938.
20. ????? ?.: 1) ??????-?? ????. (??????????? ? ?????). ?????, 1972; 2) ??????-?? ????????. (???????? ????? ? ?????). ?????, 1972; 3) ??????-?-?? ????. (?????? ? ???????). ?????, 1987; 4) ?????????? ?????? ???????????. (?????????? ????? ????? ?????). ?????, 1989; 5) ?????? ???????????. (??????? ?????????? ?????) // ????? ??????? ??. (????????? ????? ???????). ?. 23. ?????, 1997.
21. Honda K. The Nanjing Massacre. A Japanese Journalist Confronts Japan’s National Shame. Armonk NY, 1998 (??????? ?????? ? ?????? ? ????? ???????????? ??????). ??. ?????: Tanaka Y. Hidden Horrors: Japanese War Crimes in World War II. Boulder, 1996.
22. ???? ?.: 1) ?????? ??????. (?????????? ????????). ?????, 1972; 2) ?????????: ?????? ???????????. (????????????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ?????). ?????, 1982; 3) ?????? ???????????-?? ?????. (?????????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????). ?????, 1988.
23. ????? ??????? ????. (????????? ?? ??????? ?????-????????? ?????). ??. 8, 9. ?????? ??????. (?????????? ????????). ?????, 1973.
24. ????????? ?.: 1) ?????? ???????????. (??????? ?????????? ?????). ?????, 1992; 2) ??????-?? ????????: ?????? ??????????? ?? ???? ??????. (???????? ????? ? ???????: ??????? ?????????? ????? ? ?? ???????????). ?????, 1997. ??. ?????: ?????? ???????????-?? ?????-?. (?? ????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????). ?. ????, ?. ?????????, ?. ?????. ?????, 1988 (?????? ??????? ?????); ???? ?., ????????? ?., ????? ?. ?????? ???????????-?? ?????. (???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????). ?????, 1992.
25. ??????? ?????. ?????? ???????????-?? ????????. (??????? ??????? ?????????? ?????). ?????, 1973, 1999 (???. ???.); ?????? ???????. ?????? ????????-?? ????. (????????????? ?????????? ?????). ?????, 1984; ?????, ????????? ? ????. (3).
26. ???? ?????. ?????? ???????????: ???????? ?? ?????? ?????. (??????? ?????????? ?????: ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????). ?????, 1975.
27. ??? ???????. ???????? ?????? ??????. (???????? ? ?????????? ?????????). ?????, 1987.
28. ????? ????? ?????-?? ?????? ?????. (??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????). ?????, 1985. ?? ?????????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ? ?????????? ? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????????, ?? ? ????????????. ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ?? ?????, ?? ????????????? ??????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????: Tanaka M. Op. cit., p. 130.
29. ?????, ???????????? ???????? ????????? ??????????, ????????????? ????? ???? ??? ???????? ???????????????? ???????????? ????????: Asada S. (ed.) Japan and the World, 1853-1952. A Bibliographical Guide to Japanese Scholarship in Foreign Relations. N.Y., 1989. ?. 311.
30. Hata I. Op. cit. P. 48.
31. Chang I. The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II. N.Y., 1997.
32. ??????? ???? ??????? ??????????? ??-??????? ? 1997 ?.; ? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ???????: ???? ????. ??????-?? ????????. (?????? ? ???????). ?????, 1997; ??? ?????? ??????????. ? ??????????? ???????: The Diaries of John Rabe. The Good German of Nanking. London, 2000.
33. ???? ?.: 1) ??????-?? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????. (???????????? ??????????????? ??? ??????? ????????) // ?????. 1997. ? 9; 2) ?????? ???????? ???? ?????-? ?????? ????. (?????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ?????) // ?????. 1998. ? 4; ?????? ?. (Alvin D. Coox). ?????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ?????? 12-?? ???. (?????????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ????? ???) // ?????. 1999. ? 6 ? ??.
34. ???????? ?., ???????????? ?. ??? ????? ??? ??????-?? ?????. (???????????? ?????????? ????? ). ?????, 1999.
35. ? ????? ??????? ???????????? ?????????? (?????? ????? ? ???), ????????? ?????? ???, ??. ?????????????? ??????????? ????????? ???-????????? ? ?????????, ????????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????????????: Okazaki H. Debate on Nanjing Incident Still Polarized // The Daily Yomiuri. 2000, 03.07.
36. ?????????? ?. ???. ????? ???????? ? ???????. ???????????? ? ????????? ??????. ?., 1996. ?. 216-218; Toscano M. The History of Treaties and International Politics. I. An Introduction to the History of Treaties and International Politics: The Documentary and Memoir Sources. Baltimore, 1966. P. 252-254, 454-457; Irving D. Hitlers War and The War Path, 1933-1945. London, 1991. P. 10-11.
37. ?????? ?. ???? ????-?? ????? ?????? ???????????-? ?? ??? ??? (??? ?????? ??????? ???? ? ??????? ?????????? ??????) // ?????. 1997. ? 12; ???????????? ?.: 1) ????????? ????-?? ?????-? ?????? ????? ????. (??? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ????) // ??????. 1998. ? 4 (??????????? ???????: Higashinakano S. The Nanking Massacre: Fact Versus Fiction. P. 301-313); 2) ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ????. (??????? ???? ??? ?? ????????????? ???????????? ????????) // ??????. 1998, ? 7.
38. ??. ??????? ?????? ??? ???. ?????????: ???????????-?? ???????? ?? ???? ??: ???????? ???????? ??-?? ?????? ?????, ????? ????? ??? ?????. (??? ????? ?????? ? ????? ? ???????? ???????: ??????? ??????? ????????????? ???????????, ??????? ??????????? ???????? ????????). ?????, 1996.
39. McCormack G.: 1) Holocaust Denial à la Japonaise. Japanese Policy Research Institute, the New Mexico USJapan Center. Working Paper # 38. October 1997; 2) The Japanese Movement to ‘Correct’ History // Censoring History. Citizenship and Memory in Japan, Germany and the United States. Armonk NY, 2000. ??. ?????: Rikki Kersten. Neo-Nationalism and the ‘Liberal School of History’ // Japan Forum. Vol. 11 (1999). ? 2.
40. Introduction // The Nanjing Massacre in History and Historiography. Berkeley, 2000. ???????????? ????????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????????? ????????????????? ?. ????????: Monumenta Nipponica. Vol. 56, ? 2 (Summer 2001) ??????????? ????????: ?????? ?????? ??????. (????????? ? ?????????? ?????????). ??. 1-2. ?????, 1992.
41. Hata I. Op. cit. P. 55.

?????????? ?????? ?????:
?????????? ????? ? ???????????? ?????? 2
?????????? ????? ? ???????????? ?????? 3

????????
?????: ??????? ?????????, 19.08.2010

:

.

Rambler's Top100